Source: Pew Research Center study , October 2011– War and Sacrifice in the Post-9/11 Era: The Military-Civilian Gap, 2011This post is part of a series of Factual Friday posts published on the Military Families Learning Network blog.
By Carol ChurchDo you remember being issued your first credit card? I do. I was in college, and companies were eager to snag my business–probably assuming that my parents would bail me out if necessary. With that card came a feeling of power, but also some worry.The ability to use a credit card for payment is a valuable one, and one most of us don’t want to give up. Credit cards can be especially important to military families, who may face unexpected expenses. Of course, these cards have their advantages and disadvantages. They need to be used with care in order to avoid snowballing debt or a damaged credit rating. And at times, they can really “ding” you with late fees and interest rate increases.How the SCRA Helps Service Members with Credit CardsFor those in the military, no discussion of credit cards would be complete without mentioning the SCRA, which provides crucial financial and legal protections to service members on active duty and for a period of time afterwards. The act applies to members of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard as well to some Reserve members, and it continues to apply if a service member becomes exempt from duty due to injury. These benefits can even be requested retroactively, if this is done within 180 days of being released from active duty.Under the terms of the SCRA, credit card companies are legally required not to charge more than 6% interest on loans to active duty service members. (It’s important to note that these protections typically apply only to debt acquired before entering service. This means that service members may actually have two rates on their cards—one for pre-service debts and one for new purchases.) Card companies also must waive all fees, including late fees, annual fees, transfer fees, etc. The service member’s spouse can also receive these benefits as long as they have opened a joint line of credit with someone who is eligible for SCRA.Living on Credit Cards by Images MoneyWhat’s more, some banks offer special packages that go above and beyond what is legally required by the SCRA. For instance, they may offer interest rates even below the 6% required (potentially as low as 0%), or have special staff exclusively available to service members. To find deals like these, contact the company or do an Internet search.Don’t Forget to ApplyRemember, though: service members must request these benefits. They are not granted automatically. To do so, members should notify their credit card company in writing that they are on active duty and send them a copy of their orders.Note that the interest rate protections of the SCRA apply to other debts as well, and that it provides additional assistance with other financial obligations. To learn more, visit SCRA Questions and Answers. And for more help with the SCRA and the protections it provides, service members can visit their local military legal assistance services office. They can locate the closest one to them here.
Color grading long, extensive projects is made easy with this simple solution for moving from Premiere Pro to DaVinci Resolve without rendering.Top image via ShutterstockIn this jam-packed tutorial, D.L. Watson details the process of working with a long project that needs to be moved from Premiere Pro to DaVinci Resolve for color grading. This process has proven to be extremely tedious and frustrating and there’s plenty of room for malfunctions.Following the steps below, you’ll be able to edit your video and make changes in DaVinci Resolve before the rendering process, therefor saving lots of time (and sparing your sanity). How to Move Projects From Premiere Pro to DaVinci Resolve Without RenderingLet’s take a look at some of the key points made in Watson’s tutorial.Step 1: Duplicate and Clean Up TimelineGetting rid of all the extra stuff like lower thirds, audio, and graphics is the first step. Start by duplicating your timeline, renaming the new one for the necessary color correcting identification.Open up the duplicate timeline and get rid of all the extra media you don’t need in DaVinci Resolve, as well as all audio/music. Make sure you’ve unlinked everything before doing this, obviously. Next, delete all the empty tracks (for cleaning up purposes).Step 2: Export Project to Final Cut XMLExport the Project to Final Cut XML and save it to your Desktop.Step 3: Open DaVinci ResolveOpen up DaVinci Resolve. Make sure the drives are associated with the correct clips that you’ll be importing.For Mac: Go to Preferences. There will be an option to assign the media to the correct drive.For Windows: Resolve will look for a drive letter. When you import the XML, you’ll most likely see a message telling you that the clips you’re trying to import can’t be found. Don’t fret! Open the XML in Notepad ++, a free program you can download here. Under the PathURL you’ll find the name of your drive.Since Watson is using multiple drives, he does a quick Find and Replace for the drives, renaming them to what they should be and then does a Replace All. After you’ve done the same, hit Save and then re-import.This option provides an immediate notation under the clips explaining exactly where it came from and the type of clip its is, whether it be MPEG or H.264. Not only will you be saving two renders, you can work the footage in a more knowledgable, efficient fashion.Have you run into troubles with making the move from Premiere to Resolve before? Share in the comments below.
Inspire globe-spanning adventures with a royalty free music playlist designed to reflect the freedom of travel.On a list of dream jobs, travel vlogging has to be near the top. Who wouldn’t want to make extra money exploring far-flung corners of the globe and sharing their experiences in awesome videos? Vloggers like VagaBrothers and Karl Watson are doing just that. And since two out of three potential travelers are watching online destination videos before planning their trips, travel vloggers can set trends and influence vacation habits like never before.As royalty free music experts, we believe that the right soundtrack can make any travel-inspired video that much more enticing. If you want to start travel vlogging, or even if you have a tourism promo to put together, it’s worth taking a moment to think about the music you use.Whether you’re taking your audience into the heart of a busy city or to the shores of an exotic beach, your travel videos should rely on music to awaken a viewer’s adventurous spirit. Positive, inspirational tracks tend to work best. For example, Dream On Costa Rica uses the PremiumBeat track “Earth, Wind and Power” by Simon Charrier. When the music kicks in at the 19-second mark, it complements the inspiring, dreamlike quality of the video perfectly.Our music team has curated a playlist specifically with travel videos in mind. These bright, free-spirited tracks will effortlessly set the tone of your next vlog or tourism promo. Each track is royalty free, so by purchasing a simple license, you can use your tracks online in as many travel videos as you want. In other words, the world is your oyster!
This week at NAB 2018, Zeiss’s popular lens line finally gets its full frame and metadata-rich update. Here’s what you need to know.All images via Zeiss.As we covered at NAB last year, Zeiss’s powerful compact lens line received an update for the digital filmmaking future with the CP.3 lens family. We got our hands on some of the new lenses last year, and we were definitely impressed; however, we were already excited about a new “XD” version, which now offers greater full-frame camera compatibility — and the much-anticipated metadata stream.As you can see in a great interview with No Film School, Zeiss brought the updated lens line to the NAB Show floor. So, let’s look at how the new CP.3 line stacks up.Full Frame FriendlyWhen we got our hands on the CP.3 line, the lenses ranged from 18mm to 135mm and looked great on a Blackmagic URSA Mini Pro in 4.6K. However, to keep up with the market, Zeiss’s new CP.3 line is now full frame friendly, on everything from the Sony Venice to ARRI Alexas to the new Canon C700 FF full frame offering.Rich MetadataHowever, the most exciting element of the new CP.3 line is its eXtended Data Technology (“XD”), which offers real-time metadata on lens distortion and shading characteristics, which you can monitor and share with pre-vis modified images for search functions and data wrangling. You can read more about Zeiss’s XD technology on their website, but for filmmakers looking at metadata mining as the way of the future, the new CP.3s are the way to go.The new Zeiss CP.3 lenses are quite an investment, coming in at almost $5,000 a lens (less for packages), so rental packages may be your best option. For more information on cinema and prime lenses, check out some of these resources:A Look at the ARRI/Zeiss Master and Ultra Prime LensesPrimes vs. Zooms: Situational EF Lens PrepWhy Cinema Lenses Will Improve Your Next Film ProjectAnd for more NAB coverage, check out these other breaking news articles:NAB 2018 Announcement: Meet Sigma’s 14-24mm f/2.8 Art LensNAB 2018: Blackmagic Announces DaVinci Resolve 15NAB 2018: SmallHD Unveils 5 New Focus MonitorsNAB 2018: Blackmagic Is Releasing A New Pocket Cinema CameraNAB 2018 Announcement: The Sony FS5 Gets an Update
Before you make a major withdraw from a relationship, make sure you have made more than enough deposits to cover it. Then, once you’ve made that withdraw, immediately start making deposits to rebuild your balance. Re-read your Stephen Covey every two years whether you think you need to or not.From time to time you will run headlong into bullies. If you don’t firmly stand your ground when bullied, a bully will perceive your failure to defend yourself as weakness and bully you even more. You must defend yourself, and you can do so while being firm and professional. However, there will be occasions when you have to punch a bully in the nose to get his attention.The difference between the results you are getting now and the results you want is made up of the beliefs you are willing to abandon and the beliefs with which you replace them. Without changing your beliefs, you won’t change your actions. Without changing your actions, you are going to stay firmly planted right where you are. Knowing something and not acting on it produces the same result as not knowing . . . except ignorance is a better excuse than unwillingness.If social selling by itself is enough to fill your pipeline, why are the people who espouse social selling as the only prospecting method working so hard to convince you? And why are so many salespeople still winning multi-million dollar deals with opportunities they opened on the phone? And why should any prospecting method be used to the exclusion of all others? Video is the new telephone. Video is the new slide deck. Video is the new business card. You may not be interested in video, but video is interested in you.QuestionsIn what relationships do you need to make deposits?Are you standing up for yourself?What beliefs are holding you back? What beliefs do you need shed?Are you using every prospecting method available to you?Why can’t I see you?
Your dream client may be an educated buyer. They may have purchased what you sell for decades, and they may have some real ideas about what they need. The fact that your dream client contact is a sophisticated and savvy buyer means you have to raise your game. Your dream client is only a generalist if you are a specialist.The contacts in your industry, regardless of how educated and savvy they are, don’t work in your industry. They haven’t sold what you sell. They haven’t helped the number of clients you have helped. And they haven’t seen all of the different failed attempts and wild success that you’ve seen. They don’t have your same level of situational knowledge (or experience). This is critically important.You are more valuable when you are a specialist. For all the talk of your dream client spending hours on the web finding their way precisely to the 57% mark of their buying journey, most are too busy to do much research on their own. They mostly rely on their own experience–and what they learn from salespeople. If you can help provide your dream client with intel about what they should be doing, considering, and thinking about, you’re valuable. If your dream client knows as much as you, you aren’t going to be compelling or relevant.You can’t be a brochure and be a specialist. You can’t sell product or sell features and benefits and be a specialist. You have to have the knowledge and experiences to create a higher level of value for your clients. You have to get to a more strategic level of value. If you want your contacts to look to you for help in your area, you have to be the specialist that they need, while also being enough of a generalist to know how to put what you know to work in your dream client’s business. Get the Free eBook! Want to master cold calling? Download my free eBook! Many would have you believe that cold calling is dead, but the successful have no fear of the phone; they use it to outproduce their competitors. Download Now
Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal today directed the revenue and disaster management department to release funds for providing relief to people affected by the recent storm that hit several districts in the state.He also directed the water resource department to repair all broken and damaged embankments by March 31, 2017, an official release said here.The chief minister chairing a review meeting of water resource department urged people to cooperate for timely completion of all schemes of the department.He also directed deputy commissioners to keep funds ready for providing timely relief during this year’s floods and instructed the water resource department to take all precautionary measures besides swift action during floods.Sonowal also directed the revenue and disaster management department to release funds for quick relief action during floods.The department officials apprised him that five out of 98 schemes have been completed and work is on for completing the rest.Rs 203.56 crore has been allotted for the schemes, they said.The department informed that during the current year the target is to repair 14.772 km of embankments, restore 165.009 km affected by erosion and strengthen 47.758 km of aging embankments.They said 70 schemes will cover breach closing works of embankments at Muwamari (Morigaon), Angarjur (Cachar), Gagalmari (Barpeta) and Pakakhata (Bongaingaon), the release added.
Three weeks after the successful completion of India’s first uterine transplants, both patients — a lady from Solapur and another from Gujarat — were discharged on Thursday, said doctors at the city-based Galaxy Care Laparoscopy Institute where the operations were performed.The woman from Solapur, who suffers from congenital uterus absence, was fitted with her mother’s womb which was retrieved mainly through laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery (MIS) after a nine-hour operation on May 18.The second womb transplant, of a lady from Baroda with a dysfunctional uterus and suffering from Asherman’s Syndrome (adhesions or internal scar tissues), was achieved in even lesser time the following day.Two doctors each in Gujarat and Solapur have been detailed to monitor the women, said Dr. Shailesh Puntambekar, Medical Director, GCLI, who led the team which performed the surgeries.“Both patients are in good health. After internal tests, we find that the inner lining of the uterus in both cases has thickened while the blood parameters, too, are within normal range. Menstruation is expected by day 40 since the conclusion of the operation,” said Dr. Puntambekar, adding that the pregnancies in the future would be in-vitro fertilization (IVF) as opposed to natural conception.The cervical biopsy tests to gauge organ rejection after the uterus transplant carried out on both patients in the first and second weeks after the operation showed no signs of organ rejection, said Dr. Sanjeev Jadhav, a cardiovascular thoracic surgeon who played a major role in the operations.Dr. Puntambekar said that sperms had been taken from the respective husbands of the patients and that eight embryos had been frozen.“We will have to wait for another six months at least before the embryos would can be implanted in the transplanted wombs,” he informed.Both women expressed happiness that the surgeries went off without incident and fervently hoped they would be able to experience pregnancy in the near future.The hospital has received more than 80 applications since the completion of the first operations, with most of the cases pertaining to women with congenital uterus absence.A majority of the 20-odd uterine transplant operations performed round the world to date have often been frustrated by organ rejection (in which the patient’s immune system attacks the organ; an infection of the organ; or problems with the organ’s blood supply).Only a handful of these sometimes-controversial operations have met with success, primarily in Sweden.
Terming Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan’s fast (that ended on Sunday) as a “nautanki” (spectacle), an umbrella organisation of 62 farmers’ bodies are set to intensify their stir, with a blockade of national highways planned for June 16. They will be demanding the dismissal of Mr. Chouhan’s government for failing to address the grievances of farmers.Failed to fulfil promisesSpeaking to The Hindu, leader of the Rashtriya Bharatiya Sangh, Shiv Kumar Sharma aka Kakkaji, confirmed that at a meeting held at the Gandhi Peace Foundation in New Delhi on Saturday evening, 62 organisations drew up a plan to carry forward the agitation, currently raging in Madhya Pradesh. “We will be taking forward the agitation because the BJP under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has failed to fulfil its own promises, made in the manifesto of 2014, that it would implement the Swaminathan committee’s recommendations on providing returns of input cost plus 50% of that as the procurement amount to farmers. We also want farmers to be free of loans, not just a one-time waiver, but a serious change in agricultural policy that promises just returns to farmers, one which prevents them from being indebted,” he said.‘Unable to get just prices’“Farmers are forced to take loans because they are unable to get just prices for their crops,” he said.He dismissed Mr. Chouhan’s fast as a gimmick. “Dussehra Maidan is a place where Bhopalis get together to burn the effigy of Ravan,” he said cryptically.“The Chief Minister has been at the helm of affairs for 11 years and after not doing anything to structurally alter the situation of farmers, this is what he resorts to,” said Mr. Sharma.Significantly, the national vice-president of BJP’s Kisan Morcha, Naresh Sirohi, is also part of this group of people. “We will continue the agitation and I further want to say that to avoid any allegations that the farmers’ bodies are indulging in violence, and to show the way protests are being suppressed we have asked our people to videograph them,” he said.Mr. Sharma didn’t find any contradiction in agriculture in the State growing above the national average and the virulence of the protests.“In fact this year we will have a bumper crop of wheat but it will not improve the situation of farmers because import duty on wheat had been waived earlier, or the holding capacity of private dealers is low and government matches up. In order to offload the crop, the farmers are forced to sell it at whatever price it can fetch,” he said.
The situation in Darjeeling remained tense as the agitation for Gorkhaland entered the 20th day on Tuesday.Internet services remained suspended for the 17th consecutive day as the Darjeeling district extended the ban on it for eight more days on Monday.Except pharmacies, all other shops, restaurants, hotels, schools and colleges remained closed.Also Read The Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) has demanded that the Centre initiate a dialogue on Gorkhaland as it says it is the aspiration of the hill people.Its general secretary Roshan Giri said on Monday, “The Mamata Banerjee government is dealing with it as a law and order problem. But it is not a law and order problem. It is a political problem and should be solved politically.”Various boarding schools have extended their vacation due to the ongoing unrest in the hills, which had been on the boil since June 8 following the agitation spearheaded by the GJM demanding Gorkhaland. The agitation also led to widespread violence, claiming two lives. Why is Darjeeling on the boil again?
On the day when NCP chief Sharad Pawar asked people of Maharashtra not to cooperate with the government, the Anti Corruption Bureau (ACB) of Maharashtra police registered four offences over the alleged irregularities in the auction of irrigation works during the previous Congress-NCP regime in the state.“Four offenses have been registered in Sadar police station of Nagpur on Tuesday over the irregularities in the auctioning of irrigation works related to Gosekhurd irrigation project under Vidarbha Irrigation Development Corporation,” Mr. P. R. Patil, the Superintendent of Police (SP), ACB Nagpur said in a press statement.Senior NCP leader Ajit Pawar and Sunil Tatkare held the irrigation portfolio during the Congress-NCP’s 15-year regime in Maharashtra until 2014.The four FIRs are related to Mokhabardi irrigation scheme in Metepar village, Gosikhurd left side pond construction, Mokhabardi irrigation scheme in Vadala and Gosikhurd right side pond construction project.“The home department of Maharashtra government had ordered the ACB to investigate irregularities in irrigation projects under the VIDC. During the investigation, it was found that there were wrongdoings in the way the work was auctioned. It was also found that the then engineers, other officials of irrigation department and associates of the contractors were involved in those wrongdoings,” the ACB SP informed.There was no mention of former irrigation ministers in the FIR and only irrigation officials and contractors were named in it. However, the registration of the FIRs is being seen as an attempt by the Devendra Fandavis government to put pressure on the NCP.The Cchief Minister had warned during a press conference on Sunday that he would expose the “dallamar” (theft) of Opposition leaders during the previous government’s tenure after the Opposition had attacked his government over farmers’ issues.
The National Human Rights Commission has directed the Odisha government to submit a report on its alleged failure to collect water tax amounting to ₹3,440 crore from different industries which use river water for commercial purposes.Responding to a complaint filed by rights activist Akhand, the commission has issued notices to the State Chief Secretary and the Water Resources Secretary to submit an action taken report within four weeks.“A number of companies have been allocated water from various rivers like the Mahanadi and the Brahmani. From 2010 to 2017, a total of 1229.857 cusecs of water was allocated to 113 companies from different rivers, particularly from the Mahanadi,” Mr. Akhand said.He alleged that the Water Resources Department, which had been under the direct administrative control of Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik most of the time during the past 15 years, failed to collect water tax from these companies due to the negligence of the authorities. According to him, the loss to the State exchequer would be ₹3,400 crore.‘“Non-payment of water tax has caused a loss of ₹3,400 crore. If interest against the pending amount is charged, it will cross ₹5,000 crore,” he alleged.
Panaji: The All India Hindu Convention on Thursday accused the BJP government of insulting the Constitution by banning the entry of Sri Ram Sene founder Pramod Muthalik to Goa.“The Constitution guarantees everyone the right to freedom of movement. The State’s decision to ban Mr. Muthalik’s entry is an insult to the Constitution,” Chetan Rajhauns, national spokes- person of the Hindu Janajagruti Samiti, one of the organisers of the convention, said.The convention’s statement comes even before the controversy sparked by Goa and Daman Archbishop’s pastoral letter claiming the Constitution is in danger, has died down. Mr. Rajhauns hit out at Goa Archbishop Filipe Neri Ferrao, saying he instead should have commented on the perils of international tourism in the state.He said, “The Archbishop has asked the Christian community to take active part in the politics by claiming that the Constitution is in danger, while the truth is the Archbishop will never speak up against the Nigerian, Russian and European tourists, whose activities are the real danger to Goan people and culture.” Mr. Muthalik, who used to be one of the speakers at the Hindu Convention till he was barred in Goa, has challenged the ban in the Supreme Court.
Spain seeks to increase annual bilateral trade with India by 20 per cent in the next five years if the world economy does not get into protectionism, Span’s Ambassador to India José Ramón Barañano said at a conference in Kolkata. He admitted that although the relationship between Spain and India is “excellent” but it is very “superficial.” He was speaking to journalists on the sidelines of an event in Kolkata organised by the Indian Chamber of Commerce on Friday.“The world is now very messy. Some countries in the world are trying to limit exports and imports. If that doesn’t go further…We can have growth of (bilateral trade) 20% per year in the next five years. [It can be done] if the world doesn’t go into protectionism,” said Mr. Barañano. He also said that currently the bilateral trade between Spain and India stands at $6 million per year.The Spanish ambassador said that the focus in this regard will be on sectors such as tourism, agriculture and education. As for the reason why bilateral trade between the two countries is not up to the mark the Mr. Barañano said that language barrier and distance are key factors in this regard.“Distance is one factor not allowing us to (boost bilateral trade),” he said. Mr. Barañano argued that the presence of Spanish companies can be increased in India if they can choose the “right local partner.”“Increasing the visibility of Spanish companies in India is one of my top priorities,” he said.However, the diplomat admitted that that the task will not be without challenges. “India is a huge market but it’s not without competition. Spain has not been part of it for so many years,” said Mr. Barañano. He also pointed out that two countries do not have any significant historical ties.
The north-eastern States shut down on Tuesday against the “anti-indigenous people” Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016 that the Union Cabinet cleared on Monday for approval by Parliament.The All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) had first announced a 11-hour shutdown against the Bill, its first such call in more than a decade. The North East Students’ Organisation and State-based students’ bodies in the other north-eastern States joined in while political parties such as Congress and All India United Democratic Front supported the call.The shutdown that began at 5 a.m. was total across much of the region with vehicles, both private and commercial being off the roads. A few that defied the call were damaged by protesters in Guwahati and elsewhere in the region. Except for essential services and engineering aspirants appearing for Joint Entrance Examination, all educational institutions, business and commercial establishments remained closed.“The Bill is contrary to the Bharatiya Janata Party’s avowed objective to save race, land and hearth. The Assamese and other indigenous peoples feel betrayed by the Narendra Modi government, which seems hell bent upon making Assam a dumping ground for foreigners thereby threatening our existence,” AASU advisor Samujjal Bhattarcharya said.Streets and commercial areas in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland wore a deserted look. But the shutdown had hardly any impact in Tripura, where the BJP came to power in March last. It also had no impact in southern Assam’s Barak Valley, which has been supporting the Citizenship Bill since the inception.AGP to quit alliance on WednesdayAll ministers and heads of corporations of the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), which announced on Monday that it was ending its two-year-old alliance with the BJP, would be quitting formally on Wednesday. The party had been under pressure from political and social organisations to quit because of ideological differences with the BJP over the Bill.“We tried our best to convince the Modi government not to pursue the Bill that goes against the constitutional provisions, besides being potentially dangerous for the indigenous people of Assam. The State has since India’s independence absorbed waves of migrants from present day Bangladesh and can no longer do so,” AGP president Atul Bora said after returning from New Delhi on Tuesday morning.Also Read After ‘Jinnah’ comment, Himanta says Hindus will be minority in Assam if Citizenship Bill not passed Mr. Bora said he would quit as Agriculture Minister on Wednesday along with Water Resources Minister Keshab Mahanta and Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Minister Phani Bhushan Choudhury. They were part of the 18-member Sarbananda Sonowal government.The severance of alliance with the BJP, however, would not make the government fall in Assam. Minus the 14 AGP legislators, the Sonowal government would be left with 73 MLAs, nine more than the majority mark of 64 in the 126-member Assembly. The BJP has 61 MLAs and its other regional ally, the Bodoland People’s Front, which has assured its continuous support, has 13.Nagaland questions BillThe Nagaland Cabinet, on Monday evening, resolved to request the Centre to re-examine and review the Citizenship Bill to ensure it is “in consonance with the provisions of the Constitution and the existing practices of the Nagas”.The BJP has 12 legislators in the Neiphiu Rio-headed government in alliance with the Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party.The Conrad Sangma-led coalition government in Meghalaya too had opposed the Bill but desisted from calling off its ties with the BJP, which is a minor player with two MLAs.The BJP office in Meghalaya capital Shillong was partly damaged when miscreants threw petrol bombs at it on Monday. It was not clear if the attack was to protest the Bill.
The bullet-riddled body of a BSF Assistant Sub-Inspector was recovered from a border post in Sabroom area in south Tripura on Thursday. BSF authorities said that the circumstances leading to his death would be ascertained after scientific and forensic investigations.Though BSF was reluctant to share the details of the incident at Kathaltali BOP, the police said Assistant Sub-Inspector Jogendra Singh was shot in the back of his head. Police arrived at the scene and shifted the body to a hospital for postmortem.The BOP is manned by 66th battalion of the BSF. ASI Singh hailed from Haryana. Arun Kumar Verma, Senior BSF official in Tripura frontier of BSF said the deceased was on duty when the incident occurred. “The exact circumstances leading to his death would be known after completion of scientific and forensic tests,” he told The Hindu adding that the authorities have ordered a probe.
Post-graduate medical aspirants from the Maratha community on Monday asked the State government to ensure that their seats were not in jeopardy and threatened to launch a protest if their admissions were cancelled. A delegation also met the Chief Minister and were given a verbal assurance.The Nagpur bench of the Bombay High Court had last week ruled that the Socially and Economically Backward Classes (SEBC) quota cannot be applied to admissions of Master of Dental Surgery (MDS), Medicine Doctor (MD) and Master of Surgery (MS) for this year and that the government will have to issue a seat matrix. While the State has approached the Supreme Court (SC), the open category medical students have filed a caveat too.Aggrieved aspirants from the Maratha community said their seats were in jeopardy. “I had received admission in Nair Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynaecology, but just when I was about to join, the verdict came out. We are now being told that we cannot join,” said an aspirant.Dr. Suyash Patil from Solapur said that if the aspirants lose their seats they will have nowhere to go. “We have studied hard throughout the year to secure seats. The reservation was assured to us by the government. None of us have applied for the All India list and Diplomat of National Board (DNB), as we were sure we will get a seat in the State. But with the reservation gone, we will lose our seats,” he said.The Maratha community leaders, meanwhile, hit out at the government’s handling of the reservation case, calling its moves “inefficient” and “inexperienced”. “It is the government’s duty now to ensure that these students do not lose their seats and careers. They ensured a reservation, but did not hold well in the court. They can increase seats to accommodate students,” Virendra Pawar, co-ordinator, Maratha Kranti Morcha said.
Union Minister Nitin Gadkari on Wednesday warned Pakistan that India will not hesitate to stop water of rivers flowing to that country if Islamabad does not end its support to terrorism.“The Union government is already making a road map to stop water of rivers flowing from India into Pakistan,” he said at a campaign rally in Amritsar.The Minister said that the government is planning to build six water dams in Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan and this step would solve the water problem enormously.“There was a water treaty between India and Pakistan in 1960 and its basis was peaceful relations, but if the present face of terrorism is not changed, in such circumstances, India wouldn’t take much time to take the harsh decision of stopping river water to Pakistan,” the BJP leader said.Excess waterHe said that the excess water will be given to Punjab and Haryana to address shortage in agriculture.On river water distribution between Punjab and neighbouring Haryana, he said that the issue has to be sorted out without disturbing the water available to Punjab. Mr. Gadkari said that the Modi government did what was not done in the last five decades.
The precise origin of the virus that causes the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) remains obscure. But the largest genetic analysis to date reveals that several varieties of the MERS virus are circulating in Saudi Arabia, leading some to believe the virus reached humans from multiple sources.Since the first documented cases in 2012, MERS has killed 58 people and sickened 132, most of them in Saudi Arabia, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Scientists know the virus has a limited ability to spread from person to person, but they aren’t sure about the path it took to reach its first human victims. Last month, a small fragment of the virus’s genome turned up in a Saudi Arabian bat, and retired racing camels in Oman were found to carry antibodies against the virus. However, a direct link between these possible animal hosts, known as reservoirs, and the first people who contracted MERS hasn’t been found.To explore the genetic diversity of MERS, virologist Paul Kellam of the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Hinxton, United Kingdom, and an international team of colleagues sequenced viral genomes sampled from 21 patients in Saudi Arabia between June 2012 and June 2013. Many came from an outbreak of the virus at a hospital in the eastern city of Al-Hasa this spring. The group hoped to capitalize on the differences that emerge as a virus evolves to work backwards to the earliest MERS ancestors. Using these differences, the group constructed a tree of the 21 cases to predict how long ago the virus may have appeared in humans, how much it has changed since then, and how it has spread geographically.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The analysis, published online this week in The Lancet, revealed significant variety among the viral genomes drawn from the different patients. Based on the large amount of variation, the authors estimate that at least three distinct versions of the virus exist in the Saudi Arabian population. Even samples collected within a few days of each other during the Al-Hasa outbreak had very different genomes. Since the virus couldn’t have evolved these changes in such a short time, Kellam says, there are two possible explanations. One is that MERS could be infecting many more people than are actually getting sick, evolving all the time. But with no evidence of a large asymptomatic population so far, Kellam and his colleagues favor a second scenario: MERS evolved and diversified in animals and then infected humans on multiple occasions. As for its nonhuman source, Kellam says: “It’s conjecture until there’s evidence of what the reservoir is.” But the possibility that the introduction of MERS is ongoing “changes the way you can think about infection control.” If scientists continue to see new genetic varieties not consistent with human-to-human transmission, it’s crucial to identify that animal source and limit its contact with humans, he says.The data suggest that MERS—which belongs to a deadly family known as coronaviruses—first emerged in humans around July of 2011. But Kellam cautions that because the data set is small, this finding is preliminary.The publication is welcome news to other researchers working with MERS. “It’s data that everyone that’s studying these coronaviruses has been waiting on,” says Matthew Frieman, a microbiologist at the University of Maryland in Baltimore who is developing a potential vaccine for the virus. He agrees that it’s unlikely MERS mutated dramatically while moving from person to person. Multiple lineages could mean the virus is still mutating and could develop a more harmful form. So far, it has not been as lethal as some other coronaviruses, such as SARS.Columbia University virologist Ian Lipkin praises the Wellcome group’s work for combining the genetic analysis with “classical gumshoe epidemiology,” but isn’t convinced by the authors’ bottom line. At this point, we can’t rule out the “asymptomatic humans” hypothesis either, he says. Others have broader concerns. Virologist Christian Drosten of the University of Bonn in Germany calls the group’s conclusions “a very clear, but also a bold message.” He worries that the genetic sequence Kellam and colleagues published for the earliest patient on the tree is radically different from a previous sequence for the same patient, and may have thrown off the estimates of the virus’s evolutionary rate. Drosten says sequencing genomes from other samples, including crucial cases outside of Saudi Arabia, will tell a more complete MERS story.