FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Bloomberg:Standard Chartered Plc said it will stop financing new coal-fired power plants anywhere in the world as part of its commitment to supporting the Paris Agreement on climate change.The move follows “detailed consultation with a range of stakeholders,” according to a statement Tuesday from the London-based bank. Environmental degradation, extreme weather and rising seas are among the climate change legacies left by burning coal, it read.Standard Chartered said its existing commitments were excluded from its new policy on coal energy. It currently has 14 project financing facilities in seven markets, which fund coal-power stations. A spokesman for the bank declined to say how much money it currently held in coal projects.HSBC Holdings Plc, Société Générale SA and Deutsche Bank AG are among banks which have made similar pledges. Japanese lenders, among the biggest funders of coal projects, have also begun to shift towards more climate-friendly policies.Since 2010, Standard Chartered has loaned at least $1.8 billion to coal power, including $820 million to projects that added 10.6 gigawatts of additional coal power capacity, according to research by Market Forces, which lobbies financial firms and governments on environmental issues.Standard Chartered’s initiative marks an advance on Japanese and other lenders active in Southeast Asia, according to Julien Vincent, an executive director at Market Forces, “The fact that Standard Chartered was involved in syndicates for three coal power plants in Vietnam prior to this update makes it even more impactful,” Vincent said. “That’s three dirty coal projects, which would produce almost 700 million tonnes of CO2 per year, that will now need to look elsewhere for finance.”More: Standard Chartered to stop financing new coal power plants U.K.’s Standard Chartered to end coal plant financing
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享S&P Global Market Intelligence ($):The German government is in advanced talks with utility RWE AG over the schedule and compensation for switching off some of the company’s lignite-fired power plants over the next few years, part of a plan to entirely phase out coal-fired electricity production in Europe’s largest economy by 2038.In an update on the ongoing process to turn recommendations on the phaseout into law, the economy ministry said July 3 that there was a common understanding that the first closures will affect the oldest lignite-burning units, which are operated by RWE in western Germany. “The talks with RWE are advanced and run constructively,” the ministry said.While RWE is by far the largest coal plant operator in Germany, utilities affected by the phaseout also include Sweden’s Vattenfall AB; Czech group Energetický a prumyslový holding a.s., or EPH; and German companies EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG, STEAG GmbH and Uniper SE. France’s Engie SA recently sold its remaining coal plants in Germany to U.S. private equity firm Riverstone Holdings LLC.The government is trying to come to mutual agreements for closing lignite plants and plans to close hard coal-fired power stations though an auction process — at least during the first few years of the phaseout. Hard coal operators will be able to bid a price for closing their assets and the government will award those that offer the lowest price per carbon dioxide emissions.The ministry is planning to submit a draft law on the hard coal closures to Chancellor Angela Merkel’s cabinet in the fall and add any agreements with lignite operators as the law winds its way through the parliamentary process, with a goal of passing the legislative package by the end of the year.Germany still has approximately 41 GW of hard coal and lignite plants connected to the grid, which produced more than a third of the country’s electricity in 2018. It wants to reduce capacity for the two fuels to 15 GW each by 2022 and to 17 GW total by 2030, with the latter figure split between 9 GW lignite and 8 GW hard coal. The last plants would be disconnected by 2038 under the plan.More ($): German government in ‘advanced’ talks with RWE over coal plant closures RWE, German government moving forward with coal plant closure plans
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享The Canadian Press:Canada’s largest bank is putting new restrictions on lending to some fossil fuel developments.In a policy released Friday, RBC says it won’t lend money to new coal-fired power generators, thermal coal mines or coal mines that require mountaintop removal. The policy will apply to new investments and not the bank’s current investment portfolio.The bank says it won’t lend to new clients that get more than 60 per cent of their revenue from thermal coal or coal-fired power generation. It will lend to new clients that get some revenue from those industries if they can show they’re moving away from coal or reducing their greenhouse gas emissions.Financing Arctic oil exploration will have to be approved by a special committee and no financing will be provided to oil drilling in Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, “due to its particular ecological and social significance and vulnerability,” said [bank spokesman Andrew] Block.RBC is believed to be the first Canadian bank to join its international peers in backing away from the refuge.[Bob Weber]More: RBC announces new restrictions on financing coal, oil developments RBC limits future lending for coal plant development, Arctic oil projects
The pull of the West tugs at the heart of the young. It isn’t new to my generation; author Horace Greeley first coined the phrase, “Go west, young man,” when promoting Manifest Destiny. The dramatic snow-peaked mountains and clear, steep granite rivers beckoned my friends and me when we were in our twenties, seeking adventure.But if it’s a strong hurricane-force gale that sweeps us off our feet in search of paddling the biggest drops and skiing the steepest mountains, it’s a gentle breeze that later whispers to us to return home. When something more lasting and sustainable replaced the quest for the biggest and best, I headed due east.Some things just feel like home – the sweet smell of honeysuckle, the quick blink of a firefly, and the refreshing feeling of a summer afternoon thunderstorm. Returning East after a stint out West is more than a primal homing instinct. Putting down roots in the Southeast just makes good sense.CommunityThe lower cost of living in the Southeast makes it feasible to rent or buy a house in an outdoors-friendly town. Many say that East Coasters live to work, while West Coasters work to live. But the myth of the laid-back attitude is dispelled when hunting for a rental out West, where the rental market can be a full contact sport. Now with the real estate market rebounding, buyers are once again experiencing bidding wars on starter homes in California. That translates to living farther away from the epic outdoor opportunities and the like-minded people that many moved to be close to in the first place.If the stereotype of East Coasters existing in a bubble of work and routine ever rang true, that time has passed. An afternoon driving around D.C. will dispel the notion that East Coasters don’t play hard. Every other car has a bike or kayak strapped to it for a post-work ride or paddle. With all the festivals, races, and music on offer in the Southeast, the problem becomes one of choosing between so many good options.And the best part of a lower cost of living – folks don’t have to bust their hump as hard to make ends meet. Less time in the office means more time in the saddle exploring that mountain. It also means that more friends will be available for an early evening run. The technology crazed West Coasters often have dual screens competing for their attention. The good manners in the South help to remind people that there’s a place and time for technology, and that’s not on the trails.AccessibilityGood outdoor play is simply closer to home here in the East. When I lived in California, I expected to drive four to five hours to paddle or ski every weekend, and I wasn’t alone. Here good rivers are often just outside of town, making it possible to paddle a few times a week and hold down a full-time job. Mountain biking opportunities abound just a few minutes from the office, making it easier to get in the ride and eat dinner with the kids.Consistent scheduled dam releases coupled with year-round rain means it’s possible to paddle almost every weekend. From Maryland to Tennessee, the Youghigheny, Gauley, Green, Cheoah, Tallulah, and Ocoee rivers all have predictable dam releases, making it easy to plan kayaking excursions. This year, the West Fork of the Tuckaseegee River joins this list, with seven scheduled releases. Summer-time paddling in the East provides an experience unheard of out West – bare-armed paddling.Even the mountains are more accessible in the East. What the mountains lack in jagged peaks, they more than make up for with their rounded curves, surrounding towns like a soft embrace. World-class climbing destinations including West Virginia’s New River Gorge and Kentucky’s Red River Gorge provide even diehard climbers ample challenging routes.SceneryMy single biggest fear about becoming a reverse transplant was that I’d miss the dramatic views I so enjoyed out West. When I first moved to California, I often pulled over on the side of the road to soak up every bit of the setting sun.Turns out my fears were completely unfounded. The Southeast boasts spectacular scenery all her own. The first time I encountered a white rhododendrum blossom floating in the current of my favorite river made me think of my vacation to Fiji, the flower was so exotic as it perfectly floated downstream. And when I climbed a multi-pitch route at Linville Gorge, the view of Appalachia’s soaring mountains reminded me of just how small and wonderful my existence is in this magnificent world.The greatest gift of my move back East is rediscovering the green that abounds in the temperate rainforest climate. In California, golden hues dominate the horizon. Returning to the lush canopy feels comforting, and its constant companion, humidity, a welcome sidekick. I use to overlook the benefits of humidity. After bundling up for a summer’s night out in California, I welcome hot summer nights where I can wear a sundress or tank top without worrying about freezing—not to mention the benefit all that moisture in the air has on my skin. Humidity is nature’s very own fountain of youth. Humidity gets me good and sweaty during a workout, letting me know I put in a decent effort.It seems almost daily that another friend announces she’s moving back East. When the illusion of the promised land disappears and the novelty fades, many of my friends return to the Southeast. And they all feel as lucky as I do to be home.
See anything you like in the images above? Check out some of the featured products from our sponsors ENO and IceMule Coolers as well as Adam’s kickass shirt from La Sportiva! It was nearing 3:30 by the time we slid our crafts into the placid waters of the French Broad. Were it not for the slight breeze at our backs, it would have been hard to tell downstream from up. The sun shone freely from a cloudless sky. The mood was light, the chatter friendly. We were a sizeable crew comprised of four canoes, four SUPs, three kayaks, and two rafts, but the challenge before us was equally substantial—clean up the Broad from Hominy Creek to the Salvage Station. No one likes to do the dirty work. It takes a special type of person to be willing to sacrifice a gorgeous fall afternoon for the sake of improving trails or cleaning up litter and wrestling decade-old tires from the mud. It’s unglamorous, often discouraging work, a glimpse into the reality some of our natural resources face. But here at Blue Ridge Outdoors, we feel that if we want to go outside and play in years to come, we better get out and give back now.Not a minute after hitting the water and my coworker Dusty was already waist-deep in murky water digging up a tractor tire. The Litter Floatilla swarmed the banks. Finding trash became a competition—who could find the most, the weirdest. I recovered a left flip flop, then another left flip flop, then an unopened can of Fat Tire. We sank up to our shins in mud. We hauled rebar and steel sewer casings and bottles upon bottles from the high water debris. Adam and Kyle, owner of Wai Mauna Asheville SUP Tours, spent close to half an hour digging out a rusted metal grate from the bank. Noah from ENO wallowed for about the same amount of time to free a full-size box spring from the river’s bottom, except he managed it alone. Somewhere amid the cleanup, I found myself paddling alone. The river was peaceful, despite the bustling traffic just beyond the treeline. I couldn’t see anyone ahead of or behind me. The late afternoon sunlight glistened between the trees, bouncing off the water’s surface in a dazzling display of brilliance. I rounded the bend and saw, to my surprise, a great blue heron. He was stoically perched on a limb, unmoving, like a statue. I turned my bow in his direction, hoping to drift closer, but he lifted off. As the soft swooping of his wings drifted back upstream, I started to appreciate a whole other meaning to the river cleanup. As paddlers and outdoor enthusiasts, it’s important to give back not only to the places where we play, but also to the species that call these rivers and forests home. Protecting their sanctuary is infinitely more important.When we emerged from the river at the Salvage Station over two hours later, it was humbling to see the mound of garbage we had collected—tires, 2′ x 12′ boards, bags upon bags of trash. Someone even found a bedpan (he obviously won the award for weirdest piece of trash). We were muddy and weary but proud of the 20+ other individuals who showed to serve in the first annual French Broad Litter Floatilla.A major thanks to all of the participants and brands involved, including ENO, MountainTrue, 5Point Film, NRS, Watershed, and Wai Mauna. We’ll see you all next year! Have a #getoutgiveback idea in mind for your backyard? Give us a shout at [email protected] We are always looking for ways to collaborate with communities and give back to the places where we like to go outside and play.
Updated November 11 at 9:00 A.M. Several miles of the Appalachian Trail along with a popular Western North Carolina climbing area have now been closed due to numerous wildfires burning in the Blue Ridge Mountains.Multiple fires have continued to grow and new ones have emerged—including the now 977-acre wildfire near Chimney Rock State Park that has forced closure of the Rumbling Bald Climbing Access Area and prompted home evacuations in the nearby town of Lake Lure.A wildfire burns on Rumbling Bald. Photo by Ryan Lubbers.Fire fighting personnel are working feverishly on the ground to contain the blaze as helicopters drop water from nearby Lake Lure.Photo by Michele Schwartz.Firefighters have also responded to a wildfire near the main overlook at McAfee Knob in Virginia. According to the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, day hikers are being advised to avoid the area and hike elsewhere, while long distance hikers may pass through but should use extra caution.The growing wildfires burning near the Appalachian Trail have forced officials to close portions of the trail that run through the Nantahala National Forest in Western North Carolina, where there are more than 20 wildfires burning over 17,000 acres, and the Chathoochee National Forest in North Georgia.The A.T is now closed for 31.1 miles from the Rock Creek Gap Shelter to the Nantahala River at US19 in North Carolina, and from Hogpen Gap to Neels Gap in Georgia.Almost all of the fires currently burning in national forest areas of Western North Carolina are said to be human caused.That includes the Tellico Fire, which has now spread to approximately 3.400 acres, the 1,130-acre Dick’s Creek fire, the 1,130-acre Knob Fire, and the 175-acre May Branch fire.The cause of the 3,500-acre Boteler fire is still unknown.In a statement given to WLOS, North Carolina Congressman Mark Meadows said, “the troubling part is that somebody apparently is intentionally setting some of these fires. And so we want to ask everyone to be on the lookout.”With continual dry and windy weather in the forecast for Western North Carolina for until early December, the USFS has imposed a strict fire bans for all of Pisgah and Nantahala National Forest.Related:
Blue Knob All Seasons Resort is the place for a winter enthusiast looking for an outdoor adventure! With the highest skiable mountain in Pennsylvania it’s one of the most challenging ski resorts in the state. The resort offers 100 skiable acres, 34 trails with a vertical drop of 1,072 served by five lifts and it has extensive snow making, so those who love winter can enjoy winter days and nights on the mountain.The mountain is Blue Knob’s main asset. Here skiers will find an alpine skiing experience. The scenery, wilderness and numerous pines around the slopes offer a different experience than the average ski resort. Experts will find numerous challenges at Blue Knob, from steep, narrow chutes to advanced glade and bowl trails. Fans of these slopes say they enjoy the different terrain and consider it to be the best vertical in the Mid-Atlantic area. While the majority of Blue Knob’s terrain is for advanced intermediates and advanced skiers, there are easier trails for beginners at the top of the mountain.New ownership continues to invest in upgrades at the resort. There is now a first-time and beginner snow sports area and “magic carpet” conveyor which is located just outside the Summit Lodge for easy access. “We are very excited to have a new area dedicated to teaching beginner skiers and snowboarders,” says Ski and Ride School Director Tim Corle. “This development will add a whole new dimension to our teaching programs here at Blue Knob.” There is also a new snow tubing park that is within walking distance of the Summit Lodge, with eight tubing lanes and a handle row. Returning visitors will notice new seasonal equipment lockers, as well as new snowboard boots and helmets for rentals. An exciting change has been made to the snowmaking system, including the addition of a new 300-horsepower, five-stage vertical pump with an amazing 1,000-gallon-per-minute capacity. Just a short distance off the mountain in Altoona, visitors with young families can enjoy numerous indoor recreational activities as well. The famous toy Slinky is manufactured in the area, and an indoor recreation center, Slinky Action Zone, is geared towards young people with indoor laser tag, ski ball, bumper cars, arcade games and more. Another indoor recreation center, Tilt Studio is located inside the Logan Valley Mall. Here young people will find mini bowling, mini golf, and over 100 arcade games. For more information about the resort, indoor recreation, dining, shopping and lodging, visit explorealtoona.com or call 1-800-842-5866.
The National Park Service is in the process of expanding recreation opportunities on public lands that are currently inaccessible behind private land holdings. Nudged by a law called the John D. Dingell Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, the NPS is asking the public for suggestions on which parcels of land should be opened up to the public. There are over 200,000 cases of Lyme disease reported every year. If the disease is caught early it can be cured with antibiotics. Without treatment, those affected can experience joint pain and stiffness, severe headaches, heart palpitations and facial palsy. Human testing of shot to prevent Lyme disease is coming soon The Georgia Department of Natural Resources and the Open Space Institute announced two land acquisitions in southeast Georgia on Wednesday. The first property secures important habitat for the restoration of rare species, including the extremely rare plant, the hairy rattleweed, and the Georgia state reptile, the gopher tortoise. The other parcel of land will be added to the Moody Forest Wildlife Management Area and will protect wildlife habitat along the Altamaha River. Georgia DNR is working to make both parcels of land open to public recreation sometime in 2020. National Park Service looks to expand public access to inaccessible land Though January 4 the public is invited to weigh in on the topic. Suggested parcels must meet the following requirements: Photo by Florida Fish and Wildlife of Gopher Tortoise To submit your comment visit the NPS website comment section. Include the location of the parcel you are suggesting, including its total acreage and the reason the land is currently restricted. Georgia preserves 2,000-acres for critically endangered species habitat Must be managed by the NPSMust be at least 640 contiguous acresMust have significantly restricted or no public accessPotential for public access and the likelihood of resolving the absence of public access are also criteria for consideration A group of researchers in Massachusetts are developing an anti-Lyme shot that would protect against the tick-borne illness for several months at a time. MassBiologics reports that manufacturing the anti-Lyme antibodies is going well and that testing of the safety of the shot should begin on humans in mid-2020. MassBiologics is not the only company working to develop a way to prevent humans from contracting Lyme disease. A French company is also testing a new vaccine that could be available in four or five years.
Mountain View Trail System Visitors will stroll along Lick Creek as it flows toward the Clinch River. The trail follows the creek beneath a railroad bridge built in 1912, then plunges deeper into the riverside forest. Here, the trail forks, with bikers branching right onto another trail and hikers staying left. The trailhead for the Sugar Hill Loop Trail is located just west of the Oxbow Lake Loop Trail. Parking is available at the Oxbow Lake Park (shared parking lot) or at the west end of the lake. After an amazing day on the St. Paul trails, make a stop at Sugar Hill Brewing. An old hardware store in downtown turned into the area’s destination for quality craft beer, food, and community gathering. As with most dreams and worthwhile endeavors, the process to bring Sugar Hill Brewing Company to life has been a path paved with determination and genuine passion, but it shows in the atmosphere, staff, and top-notch food and drink. The original idea came from the Baileys’ son, Alex, who convinced them that a brewery was a necessary part of life in the tiny town of St. Paul. The Baileys embarked on the epic quest to bring craft beer to this corner of Southwest Virginia Along the way, they’ve been joined by other talented and fearless individuals, all with the goal of making Sugar Hill Brewing Company the best place to Eat, Drink, and Be Merry! Oxbow Lake Park is a city-owned park that includes a wetland and forest complex adjacent to the Clinch River. Because of its well maintained trail system, it is a popular destination for many of Saint Paul’s residents. The Oxbow Lake trail is a paved, wheelchair-accessible mile-long loop. Restroom facilities are located at the parking area. The park provides residence to a large selection of big and showy dragonflies including blue dasher, slaty and widow skimmers, and prince baskettail. Butterflies include black swallowtail, zebra swallowtail, eastern tailed-blue, and clouded sulphur. The lake holds a few feral ducks and geese but could be better for waterfowl in the winter and during migration. The surrounding fields, bushes, and hardwood forest hold orchard oriole, ruby-throated hummingbird, eastern kingbird, red-eyed vireo, and wood thrush. The lake itself can attract barn and rough-winged swallows as well as the occasional purple martin. The east end of the lake provides access to three additional trails that traverse both riverine and mountain habitats. The hiking trail continues along the Clinch River and offers a view of Bluebell Island, a 1.3-acre area owned by St. Paul that is now part of a conservation easement with the Nature Conservancy. Its namesake belongs to a flower that blooms in late spring along the trail. The path meanders along the river before emerging from the woods at A.R. Matthews Park, where it continues tracking the river before jotting up a hill and past an old red railroad caboose toward downtown St. Paul. The trail passes through the heart of downtown before rejoining the Clinch River near its terminus. Sugar Hill Brewing Mountain View has expanded to over 100 tree-lined miles, with 10 miles of dedicated single track for dirt bikes. This system has a nice mix of green, blue, and black trails, great views, and fun for all! The trailhead is located in our ATV-friendly town, just off 3rd Avenue, and you can ride your OHV to your room, the store, and to get gas or food. The Sugar Hill and Clinch River Trails have been nominated as state birding and wildlife viewing trails because of the wide variety of flora and fauna found along the way. Permits are required and may be purchased on-line or at several retailers in town. For more information, visit SpearheadTrails.com. Bluebell Island – Part of St. Paul on the Clinch Trails Sugar Hill Loop Trail Choose Your Own Adventure with hundreds of miles of trails twist, meander, dip and climb through the peaks and valleys around St. Paul. You can take your pick from peaceful hikes along the Clinch River and technical scrambles up steep terrain; hikes that are short and sweet and multi-day adventures. Our trail system offers something for everyone whether it is hiking, biking or ATV trails you are looking to discover. Oxbow Lake All of Spearhead Trail Systems are multi-use, meaning they are open to mountain bikers and hikers as well. Horses are not allowed on OHV trail systems due to safety concerns. Go to VisitStPaulVA.com for more info! This well-maintained hiking and biking trail extends nearly 5.5 miles around and over Sugar Hill, the large ridge north of Oxbow Lake Park. The trail climbs steeply to the ridge and then curves back around near the dam at the eastern end of Oxbow lake. The Lower River Trail traverses the banks of the State Scenic Clinch River. This river is home to several species of endangered freshwater mussels. Feel free to observe them from the bank. Sugar Hill Loop Trail traverses dense hardwood forest filled with excitement for the patient observer. The trees hold numerous breeding songbirds including red-eyed vireo, wood thrush, yellow-billed cuckoo, and some warblers as well as fox squirrel.
By Dialogo August 06, 2009 Santiago de Chile, 5 August (EFE).- The president of Chile, Michelle Bachelet, today communicated to her Colombian counterpart, Álvaro Uribe, who is traveling in the region, her country’s “respect” for the military accord that Colombia is negotiating with the United States. That is how it was explained to reporters by Chilean Foreign Minister Mariano Fernández, who attended Wednesday’s private meeting between Bachelet and Uribe, accompanied by his Foreign Minister, Jaime Bermúdez, in La Moneda Palace. “Bachelet repeated that Chile respects the sovereignty, the national interests, and the political decisions of every country on this continent, and in this case in particular of Colombia,” Fernández declared. “Why should we get ourselves mixed up in whether it seems good or bad to us that one country has a military accord with another? We respect it,” stressed the minister, whose country holds the rotating presidency of the Union of South American Nations (Unasur). Following the meeting, Uribe offered a brief statement to the press in which he expressed his “gratitude” to the Chilean leader, with whom he said that he had held a “quite significant dialogue,” and offered “a greeting full of affection to the brother nation of Chile.” Uribe, who visited Peru and Bolivia yesterday, left Santiago en route to Argentina and Paraguay, the next stops on his tour to meet with his South American colleagues, a trip which will end in Uruguay and Brazil on Thursday. With these visits, the Colombian president is seeking to explain to his peers the accord that his administration aims to sign with Washington to permit U.S. troops to use seven military bases in Colombia for anti-drug-trafficking operations. This accord has given rise to concern among the leaders of countries such as Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile, and the Venezuelan head of state, Hugo Chávez, has even denounced it as a “threat” to regional stability. At present, the executives of Peru, Chile, and Paraguay – a country to which Uribe is traveling today – have already expressed their respect for Colombia’s sovereignty. Bolivian leader Evo Morales, on the other hand, yesterday repeated his rejection of the presence of U.S. troops in the region. “Permitting military bases in Latin America is an act of aggression against the governments and democracies of Latin America. We are going to defend Latin America’s sovereignty,” he declared. With regard to Bachelet’s own display of concern, Fernández explained that the president had already expressed her respect for sovereign decisions and had proposed discussing these matters “in the appropriate meetings,” if any country should so wish. “And the next such meeting is Unasur,” the foreign minister stressed. Uribe has already announced that he will not attend this summit, which will be held in Quito on 10 August and at which Bachelet will turn over the organization’s rotating presidency to Ecuador, with which Colombia has not had diplomatic relations since 2008. Following his meeting with Uribe yesterday, Morales announced that he will propose a resolution against the acceptance of foreign military bases in Latin America at the meeting. “You can’t single out one case without examining the whole context, and we are in favor of respecting all such accords, and in any case we have various forums and platforms where we can talk to one another in a civilized way,” Fernández said, alluding to this initiative. These forums could include the Organization of American States, the Río Group, or Unasur itself, where Chile’s chief diplomat stressed that “decisions are made by consensus, so that declarations can be issued on any topic on condition that there is a consensus.” In Lima, the first stop on his marathon trip, Uribe received the support of his Peruvian counterpart, Alan García, who said that the Colombian leader “has done a lot for Colombia and for the whole continent.” The president of Paraguay, Fernando Lugo, also affirmed today, a few hours prior to Uribe’s working visit, that “every country is sovereign” and can allow the presence of foreign military personnel in its territory or not.