Judgement has been reserved in the case of Donegal man John Downey who is wanted in Northern Ireland on suspicion of involvement in the murder of two soldiers.The Creeslough man is appealing against an order by the High Court in the Republic of Ireland to extradite him to Belfast. Police in Northern Ireland sought his extradition over the murder of two UDR soldiers in 1972.Alfred Johnston and James Eames died in a bomb in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.Mr Downey was previously accused of the murders of four soldiers in the 1982 IRA Hyde Park bombing.He had been due to stand trial for those murders in 2014, but the trial collapsed when it emerged that he received a so-called on-the-runs letter – a clear written assurance from the government that he would not be tried unless new evidence came to light.At the appeal hearing in Dublin yesterday, his lawyer argued that the proposed trial in Belfast was “doomed to failure”.However, counsel for the Minister for Justice and Equality Charlie Flanagan said that there was a degree of “unreality” to the idea that such “on-the-run” letters could be relied upon.Judgement reserved in case of John Downey over soldiers’ murders was last modified: May 29th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CreesloughHIGH COURTJohn Downeyjudgement
Neurons are among the most vital cells in the body: after all, your brain is largely composed of neurons. Neurons are transmission lines of information that keep a body in touch with itself and the world. None of the other body organs would work without neurons. The increasingly powerful tools of microscopy are allowing neuroscientists to figure out how they develop and operate.Motors in a network within a network: In an article entitled “Motors on a mission,” PhysOrg described how the human nervous system, a vast network of billions of neurons, can be conceived as a network of networks: “Within each neuron is a microscopic network of its own, a complex system of signal transmissions. Proteins receive signals at the cell’s dendrite and transmit them at the axon at the other end, passing the impulses from one neuron to another and allowing human beings to think, perceive and move.” The network within a single neuron is a system of microtubules. On these cellular highways, myosin motors carry the molecules of signal transduction from place to place. Proteins needed by the axons and dendrites are made in the neuron and packaged into bubble-like vesicles, which are carried by various types of myosins. “Neither the two proteins themselves nor the microtubules know where the proteins should end up,” (after all, they are blind), “so a mix of dendritic and axonal proteins will go both ways, to the dendrite and to the axon,” the article said. When a protein ends up at the wrong end, other myosins round up wayward vesicles and turn them back. Myosin Va acts as a filter at the axons, allowing axon-bound vesicles in but carrying dendrite-bound packages out. Axonal proteins that end up in a dendrite are placed on the surface of the cell, where Myosin VI plucks them off and carries them to the axon. Myosin VI also helps axonal proteins find the axon in the first place. How these molecular machines recognize which is which was not explained.Hearing in a crowded room: How do neurons get their information to the right target in the intensely crowded environment of the brain? It’s like shouting to a friend in a crowded room. Another article on PhysOrg described how they do it, with the headline, “‘Can you hear me now?’ Researchers detail how neurons decide how to transmit information.” The article described how researchers at Carnegie Mellon and U of Pittsburgh are finding out the mechanisms neurons use to communicate. Neurons can fire separately or together when communicating, like when you shout alone to a friend, or get some friends to shout together. One researcher explained, “Neurons face a universal communications conundrum. They can speak together and be heard far and wide, or they can speak individually and say more. Both are important. We wanted to find out how neurons choose between these strategies.” They found that “the brain had a clever strategy for ensuring that the neurons’ message was being heard.” Over the short time scale of a few milliseconds, the brain engaged its inhibitory circuitry to make the neurons fire in synchrony. This simultaneous, correlated firing creates a loud, but simple, signal. The effect was much like a crowd at a sporting event chanting, “Let’s go team!” Over short time intervals, individual neurons produced the same short message, increasing the effectiveness with which activity was transmitted to other brain areas. The researchers say that in both human and neuronal communication alike, this collective communication works well for simple messages, but not for longer or more complex messages that contain more intricate information. The neurons studied used longer timescales (around one second) to convey these more complex concepts. Over longer time intervals, the inhibitory circuitry generated a form of competition between neurons, so that the more strongly activated neurons silenced the activity of weakly activated neurons, enhancing the differences in their firing rates and making their activity less correlated. Each neuron was able to communicate a different piece of information about the stimulus without being drowned out by the chatter of competing neurons. It would be like being in a group where each person spoke in turn. The room would be much quieter than a sports arena and the immediate audience would be able to listen and learn much more complex information. (Source: Carnegie Mellon University).This effective two-strategy style gave the researchers ideas about designing man-made communication networks around the same principles.Mapping the brain: Researchers at the Max Planck Florida Institute spent five years devising methods to map the cerebral cortex, and find how the neurons fit together. PhysOrg said they identified nine cell types in rat brains, and “were able to quantify the number of neurons per type, their locations within the cortical column and their functional responses to two behavioral states….” It required terabytes of information for each neuron. The cerebral cortex in humans is the “largest and most complex area of the brain, whose functions include sensory perception, motor control, and cognition.”Bilingual neurons: Neurons used to be classified by the kind of chemical messages, called neurotransmitters, they conveyed. Now, according to Science Daily, two teams have found neurons that speak two languages; they can use one neurotransmitter at slow speeds, and another at high speeds. This mechanism, called co-transmission, “allows a single neuron to use two different methods of communication to exchange information.” Researchers at the University of Montreal found that neurons that typically use dopamine to communicate can also use glutamate for signals needing faster transmission. Researchers at Douglas Mental Health University Institute also found that neurons that typically use serotonin used to transmit “information for controlling mood, aggression, impulsivity and food intake” are also capable of transmitting “acetylcholine, an important messenger for motor skills and memory.” A messenger, however, is only as good as the message it carries. Serotonin, for instance, does not mean “control aggression” in and of itself. There has to be a convention, a code, an agreement between parties, for something to signal something else and produce a response.Outside/Inside Learning: An animal needs to gather information from the outside world and store it in memory. How this is accomplished was described in another article on PhysOrg about research done by a Swiss team. “It is well established that environmental enrichment, providing animals with rich sensory, motor, and social stimulation, produces both dramatic increases in the number of synapses in the brain and enhanced learning,” the article began. This means that outside information produces structural changes on the inside. New techniques are allowing scientists to watch the brain form new synapses (the junctions between neurons) in response to environmental signals. “Remarkably, both the disassembly of pre-existing synapses and the assembly of new synapses were necessary to enhance learning and memory upon environmental enrichment,” they found, adding, “We have shown that circuit remodeling and synaptogenesis processes in the adult have important roles in learning and memory.” A protein named beta-Adducin is apparently critically important in the formation of new synapses. For more on synapses, see 12/23/2010.How did these complex systems come to be? Another article on PhysOrg titled “The evolution of brain wiring: Navigating to the neocortex” proposed to answer that question from a Darwinian viewpoint. The lead researcher in Paris wanted to know how axons find their targets. “The research, published by Cell Press in the March 24 issue of the journal Neuron, reveals a surprising new evolutionary scenario that may help to explain how subtle changes in the migration of ‘guidepost’ neurons underlie major differences in brain connectivity between mammals and nonmammalian vertebrates.” Identifying differences, though, does not establish that one group evolved from the other. Dr. Sonia Garel admitted, “What controls the differential path-finding of thalamic axons in mammals versus nonmammalian vertebrates and how these essential projections have evolved remains unknown,” but then suggested that a protein named Slit2 acts like a molecular switch for guiding developing neurons to their target areas in the brain. Since Slit2 positions neurons, she thought that minor differences in the resulting positions provides “a novel framework to understand the shaping and evolution of a novel and major brain projection” in different groups of animals. Why, that might even affect brain connectivity. A brain permitting her to reason as a neuroscientist could not be far behind: “Since an increase in cell migration has participated in the morphogenesis of the neocortex itself, these novel findings reveal that cell migration can be considered as a general player in the evolutionary changes that led to the emergence of the mammalian brain.”Oh, barf. There she goes again: scenarios, frameworks for understanding, participants and general players (see personification) and emergence, amply seasoned with maybes and perhaps. You’re a scientist, aren’t you? Think, don’t imagine! Prove your case with facts and evidence. If imagining scenarios is the new scientific game, we can think of many more that are more entertaining. Aside from that brief episode of Malice in Blunderland, this was an amazing series of articles. Most of them avoided the temptation to insert evolutionary speculation into their work. Think about it; how a complex set of mechanical processes – motors, chemical signals, guideposts, filters, networks, transmission rules – all converge into the brain of a neuroscientist looking into his or her own head and reasoning about it is astonishing. In the history of intellectual ideas prior to the invention of the electron microscope and other tools that allow us to see neurons and watch these processes, who could have dreamed such complexity underlies human thought? We should stand in humble awe at the hardware and software given to our minds and souls to use (02/11/2011, 03/05/2011). Incidentally, a human brain said to be 2,500 years old was found in remarkably fresh condition, cerebral folds and all, in a waterlogged pit, reported Live Science. Aside from the issue that such fragile tissue – usually the first to decay – could survive degradation for so long, this illustrates that it takes more than a brain to think. You might get a buried car to work again with enough repairs, but the mind or soul – whatever you want to call it – that operated this brain is long gone, even if they could hotwire its neurons once again. It takes most of a whole body to run a brain, and a brain to run a body. Have you ever looked at an X-ray or MRI image of your own brain? There’s more going on inside than you can possibly imagine (see also 03/24/2011, 12/06/2010, 11/19/2010) We all have comparable physical equipment; some choose to use it more wisely than others.(Visited 42 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts Tags:#hardware Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Why do I like the hardware industry?It’s the melodrama. One day, you’re an unheralded company with clunky, me-too products. (We’re the first company to deliver a smartphone specifically designed for bass fishermen!) Three years later, a few analysts and reporters note that your company has moved from number 27 to number 8 in market share. A year later, BusinessWeek prints a breathless account of the danger sports—windsurfing, bull baiting, extreme whittling—the CEO enjoys to keep himself tuned. You’re number one in your chosen markets and your company is expanding!And then comes the final act: excess inventory, bloated product lines, tight margins and feature stories bemoaning your big bet on those touch screens.Look at Packard-Bell, Compaq, Palm, AST, Digital, Acer, and all those people that made Internet Appliances back in the late 90s. These companies weren’t stupid or mismanaged. In most cases, they touched the Golden Fleece… right before sliding off a cliff.And now comes Vizio. It’s one of the great success stories in digital television. At the Consumer Electronics Show this week Vizio unfurled smart phones, tablets and Windows 8 PCs. (Vizio started trickling out the PC strategy in 2012 but this year’s CES has been the launch pad.) The desktops will have large 24- and 27-inch screens while the laptops will emphasize thinness. Still, even with the accent on design it can be seen as a strange move. PC sales are flattening out and most phone companies are struggling in the shadow of Samsung and Apple. Given a choice between trying to interest consumers in Windows 8 or trying to earn a living giving massages at street fairs, you might be temped take Option B.But, ahh… the history. Vizio has defied the odds before. Founded in 2002 by LCD veterans William Wang, Ken Lowe and Laynie Newsom, the Costa Mesa, Calif.-based company started as a consulting firm serving PC makers trying to break into the TV market. It helped Gateway release a 42-inch plasma TV system. It cost $2,999, but comparable systems at the time sold for upwards of $6,000. Although Gateway’s momentum in TVs petered out, it enjoyed a surge of sales. Gateway sold 4,000 in the first month.Soon after, it joined a new crop of new-name TV manufacturers like Westinghouse, Polaroid, and Syntax-Brillian – HP and Dell even thought they could make it big in TVs. Vizio’s strategy was to produce the lowest price TVs in the mid- to high-price bands, a plan which allowed it to compete on price while avoiding the most challenging segment of the markets. It also specifically targeted what then were new channels for TV makers: Costco, Sam’s Club and home shopping channels. Electronics retailers, at the time, insisted on gross margins of 25 percent or more. Big Box retailers only demanded ten percent. Vizio used the strategy to undercut prices without undercutting margins too much.It also kept headcount low. Vizio outsources nearly everything. When it overtook Samsung and Sony for the first time to become the number one LCD TV brand in America, it had only 85 employees.“We don’t have highly paid executives or fly around on corporate jets. The efficiency of the company is not hiding any kind of latency,” Wang told me back then.The momentum hasn’t ended: Vizio is still regularly in the top spot with Samsung in the U.S. Now reviewers like Dave Katzmaier often give their TVs high marks. Compare that to Sony or Sharp: Sharp, one of the most innovative companies in LCD technology, is this week seeking an infusion of cash from Intel and Dell.With that in mind, let’s look at the new products. Vizio’s tablet runs on AMD’s Z60 processors. That means it is compatible with virtually every computer program on the market, unlike Microsoft’s own Surface, which runs on an ARM chip. AMD is also a company on a mission to rebuild itself and so will likely go out of its way to help Vizio make sure it succeeds. The products are attractive, different and Vizio doesn’t carry baggage like HP or Dell. In phones, Vizio will target the Chinese market, still a new frontier for smartphones.Then again, it won’t be easy. Vizio did try to sell phones in the U.S. a few years ago. In the summer of 2011, Lowe told me during a panel discussion that Vizio was going to come out with a line of LED light bulbs. Taiwan would produce them and Vizio would sell them. LED prices dropped and I haven’t seen the light bulbs. The company’s breakthrough channel strategy is no surprise anymore.If these new products don’t sell well, expect Vizio to back of its commitments quietly. But if TV sales begin to flatten, Vizio may decided that its future does indeed belong in portable entertainment and computing. An effort will be made to bring a new definition to form factors. And then someone will suggest…Image courtesy of Vizio. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting michael kanellos 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market
Charlotte Hornets guard Kemba Walker smiles while watching a free throw during the second half of the team’s NBA basketball game against the Orlando Magic on Monday, Dec. 31, 2018, in Charlotte, N.C. The Hornets won 125-100. (AP Photo/Jason E. Miczek)CHARLOTTE, N.C. — Even after losing two starters to injury, Charlotte coach James Borrego had reason to be encouraged.The Hornets’ 125-100 victory Monday night, their franchise-record 13th straight win over the Magic, included the kind of team play the first-year coach has been seeking.ADVERTISEMENT PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss MOST READ Aaron Gordon scored 14 points and Nikola Vucevic had 12, but he did not play after leaving the court with a knee injury late in the third quarter. Mo Bamba had 12 rebounds in 18 minutes for the Magic, who opened a six-game trip by having a two-game winning streak snapped.Orlando led 14-4 in the opening minutes, but the Hornets answered with a 20-4 run over the next 4 ½ minutes. Charlotte’s first-quarter lead reached 36-23 after a dunk by Monk.Walker found Monk open in the corner for a 3-pointer as the first half clock expired, giving the Hornets a 63-53 lead.Marvin Williams, Willy Hernangomez and Devonte Graham added 10 points apiece for the Hornets.The Hornets got a boost off the bench from rookie guard Graham, who scored all his points in the third quarter, helping the Hornets extend their lead to 95-77 through three.TIP-INSMagic: D.J. Augustin (sprained right ankle) and Jonathan Simmons (sprained left ankle) did not play. Jerian Grant started in place of Augustin. . With the score tied at 18, Jonathan Isaac missed a breakaway dunk. The Hornets took their first lead on the next possession on Lamb’s runner and never trailed again.Hornets: Lamb played nine minutes and finished with nine points and hit all four of his shots. . Zeller also had six rebounds in 24 minutes.CLIFFORD RETURNSClifford’s Charlotte teams went 196-214 and made two playoff appearances. His first visit back came one day after the Magic’s 109-107 home win over Detroit, though, so it left little time to reminisce. “As you know, I loved my time here,” Clifford said before the game. “These back-to-backs man, it’s so hectic. We got here last night, I was up early, watched tape all day and just walked in here. So this wasn’t one of those trips where there was really much time to think about anything.”BOTH SIDES OF THE STREAKOddly, Clifford now finds himself on the other side of the Hornets’ 13-game win streak against the Magic. Instead of trying to add to it, he’d now like to end it.“I always felt like we played some of our best games, and I never thought it was a matchup or anything, but it’s something we have to figure out, obviously,” he said.UP NEXTMagic: Visit Bulls Wednesday.Hornets: Host Dallas Wednesday.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next “If nothing else worked, I would give it up,” he said. “But it was working tonight, so I’m just going to try to keep doing that.”Cody Zeller added 14 points in 24 minutes before fracturing a bone in his right hand in the third quarter. He will miss an unspecified amount of time, pending further evaluation.“I feel bad for Cody because he’s having such a great year, a big year for us,” Borrego said. “It’s just an unfortunate break for him.”Jeremy Lamb strained his right hamstring in the first quarter and also did not return.The Hornets improved to 18-18 with their second win in three games.ADVERTISEMENT BREAKING: Corrections officer shot dead in front of Bilibid View comments Is Luis Manzano planning to propose to Jessy Mendiola? SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion LOOK: Joyce Pring goes public with engagement to Juancho Triviño Hotel management clarifies SEAG footballers’ kikiam breakfast issue Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES Scandal and justice: #MeToo reached the sports world in 2018 “I think there was an unselfish spirit out there,” Borrego said. “It started with the first group. The second group came in, and they kept it moving. I felt, for the most part for 48 minutes, it was a very complete, unselfish ball-movement game.”Kemba Walker scored 24 points in just 27 minutes. He had 20 points on 8-of-11 shooting in the first half and did not play in the fourth quarter.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionMalik Monk added 21 points as the Hornets put six players in double figures in the easy victory over the Magic and Steve Clifford, who coached Charlotte for five seasons.It was Monk’s fourth 20-point game in 32 appearances this season, after he had five all of last year. Monk said he wants to bring energy off the bench and “attack, attack, attack.” TS Kammuri to enter PAR possibly a day after SEA Games opening SEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completion
(North Dakota Governor Jack Dalrymple)Dennis WardAPTN National NewsThe Governor of North Dakota is ordering people at the Oceti Sakowin camp to pack up and leave immediately.On Monday, outgoing Republican Governor Jack Dalyrmple signed an Executive Order calling for a “mandatory evacuation of all persons located in aread under the proprietary jurisdiction of the United States Army Corps of Engineers located in Morton County.”It’s another political setback for those fighting against the Dakota Access Pipeline and comes just one day after the United States Army Corps of Engineers said it would not forcibly remove people from the camp.The Order calls for people to leave and not to return.WHEREAS, Morton County is currently experiencing severe winter weather storm conditions, and it is anticipated harsh winter conditions will continue until next spring; andWHEREAS, winter conditions have the potential to endanger human life, especially when they are exposed to these conditions without proper shelter, dwellings, or sanitation for prolonged periods of time; andWHEREAS, large populations have chosen to stay in areas of Morton County managed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers south of the Cantapeta Creek and the Cannonball River (The areas include the confluence with Cantapeta Creek east, east of North Dakota Highway 1806, north of the Cannonball River, and west of the Missouri River) in tents, vehicles, temporary and semi-permanent structures which have not been inspected and approved by Morton County as proper dwellings suitable for winter habitation; andWHEREAS, the aforementioned areas of Morton County are not zoned for dwellings suitable for living in winter conditions, and also do not possess proper permanent sanitation infrastructure to sustain a living environment consistent with proper public health; andWHEREAS, the United States Army Corps of Engineers has ordered the aforementioned area of Morton County which they manage to be vacated due to public safety concerns related to the inability to effectively provide emergency, medical, fire response services, and law enforcement services; andWHEREAS, it is the responsibility of the state to assist citizens and visitors to North Dakota in addressing the emergencies, disasters, and other hardships that may face the state, its citizens and visitors, to include issuance of orders in the best interest of public safety.Dalrymple has directed “agencies, emergency service officials and nongovernmental organizations to reduce threats to public safety by not guaranteeing the provision of emergency and other governmental and nongovernmental services in the evacuation area.”The Order says any person who chooses to enter, re-enter or stay in the evacuation area does so at their own risk, and assumes any and all corresponding liabilities.The Order is effective immediately.
Kolkata: With the highly anticipated 2019 Lok Sabha elections drawing closer, Trinamool Congress nominee from Kolkata South constituency Mala Roy began her poll campaign on Wednesday. She was accompanied by Subrata Mukherjee, the party’s nominee from Bankura.Roy said that along with door-to-door campaign and rallies, she would give stress on social media as well. “We will approach the people on social media apart from going door-to-door. We will highlight the failure of the BJP government. Narendra Modi has not deposited Rs 15 lakh in the bank accounts of the people of the country as per his promise before the 2014 election. The note ban had affected common people very badly. The hate politics of BJP has become a major disaster for India. All these things will be highlighted during the campaign,” she added. A veteran politician, Roy had joined the Chatra Parishad in the 1970s. She had worked with leaders like Siddhartha Shankar Roy, Ajit Panja, Priya Ranjan Das Munshi and Pranab Mukherjee. A household name in South Kolkata, she is now the chairperson of Kolkata Municipal Corporation. It was Roy who had started the fair of foreign birds in the city to create awareness among people, particularly the children and youth. The fair has become very popular in Kolkata and is now being held in most of the wards. “South Kolkata is an important seat and is the focus of news throughout the country. The development projects taken up by Mamata Banerjee have benefitted all sections of people. During our campaign, we will highlight the development work carried out in the city,” Roy said. Roy was watching television at KMC headquarters, when Trinamool supremo Mamata Banerjee announced her name for the South Kolkata seat. “I am grateful to Mamata di for selecting me for the seat. I will work for the people.” It may be recalled that Roy was a Member, Mayor-in-Council, during the tenure of Subrata Mukherjee as Mayor from 2000 to 2005. The seven segments under the Kolkata South Lok Sabha seat are Kasba, Behala East and West, Kolkata Port, Bhowanipore, Rashbehari and Ballygunge. South Kolkata is the only constituency where six of the seven segments have a minister each. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee is an MLA from Bhowanipore. The other ministers are Javed Khan from Kasba, Partha Chatterjee from Behala West, Firhad Hakim from Kolkata Port, Subrata Mukherjee from Ballygunge and Sobhandeb Chattopadhyay from Rashbehari. Sovan Chatterjee, who was a minister until recently, is an MLA from Behala East. Senior party leader Subrata Bakshi, who had been elected from the Kolkata South seat, had won by 1.36 lakh votes in 2014.
Skhirat – The Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) on Saturday announced its decision to set up a front for the defense of the territorial integrity of the Kingdom and the Sahara issue, which will be responsible for mobilizing resources for the defense of the national cause and monitoring the latest developments.The Secretary General of the party, Mustapha Bakouri, who made the announcement at the 16th PAM National Council, held Saturday Skhirat, said that the creation of this body comes after the recent developments in the Sahara, including the continued talks under the auspices of the United Nations.He also recalled the adoption by the Economic, Social and Environmental Council of a new model of integrated regional development for the southern provinces, stressing that these developments require a lot of monitoring and vigilance to protect the territorial integrity of Morocco.
Rabat – Reporters Without Borders has sent a letter via the U.S. Embassy in Morocco urging United States Secretary of State John Kerry to raise a number of concerns about freedom of information in Morocco on his upcoming visit to Rabat.The international organization voiced its concerns about the freedom of information in Morocco highlighting the case of Ali Anouzla, the editor of news website Lakome, who is being prosecuted under an anti-terrorism law for posting a link to a video attributed to Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.RWB said in the letter that lack of “freedom of information in Morocco, which ranked 136th out of 179 countries in the 2013 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index, is the source of a number of other concerns that require concrete measures by the authorities in order to improve respect for the right to inform and be informed.” The organization stressed the need for legal reforms that would “fully guarantee” the principle of freedom of information. It also regarded the promises of reform announced by Moroccan authorities after the 2011 constitutional referendum to have been “slow to materialize.”Reporters Without Borders underscored the urgent need to eliminate media offences both in the press and penal code.“Media offences urgently need to be decriminalized both in the press code (article 41) and in the penal code (articles 179, 54, 65 and 66), without any resulting increase in the size of fines, which must continue to be proportionate. And the law must clearly and precisely define these offences, especially ‘insults’ and ‘grave insults,’ which are extremely subjective and give the authorities, especially judges, a great deal of scope for arbitrary decisions,” it added.RWB also called for judiciary reform to ensure that judges are independent and that a special law takes primacy over a general law so that no provision in the penal code is applied when a media offence is concerned.It also underlined the need for an independent and transparent mechanism for issuing press cards and accreditation to Moroccan and foreign journalists working for both national and international media.“Neither the issuing nor withdrawal of a press card or accreditation should be the result of an arbitrary political decision. A decision to withdraw should be exceptional and should be taken by court,” highlighted RWB.The international organization stressed the need for independent and transparent mechanisms to allocate direct state subsidies to the media, to allocate state and private-sector advertising, and to regulate or provide for self-regulating of the print and broadcast media.Edited by Elisabeth Myers© Morocco World News. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, rewritten or redistributed
Love them or hate them, the Los Angeles Lakers long represented the closest thing the NBA had to a proverbial land of milk and honey. For the better part of three decades, the club often had a surplus of star players, a robust record, and the occasional championship trophy.Then they were hit with what equates to a biblical drought for their fans: a five-season stretch without a playoff berth.But on Sunday night, the sky opened up and watered the thirsting Laker franchise, as LeBron James, the world’s best basketball player, chose to join the Los Angeles club as a free agent, agreeing to a four-year, $154 million deal, according to Klutch Sports, the sports management agency that represents James.James’s choice will change the NBA landscape for obvious reasons. LeBron reached eight straight NBA Finals in the Eastern Conference, and his departure from his hometown Cleveland club almost certainly figures to put the Cavaliers back in the cellar, while also giving other teams in the badly diminished East — like Boston, Philadelphia and Toronto — a clearer path to the Finals.But the more pressing issue for the 33-year-old James is how quickly he and the young Lakers can become title contenders while Golden State essentially has a stranglehold on the league.The answer obviously hinges on the route Los Angeles takes next: either a more patient approach that lets the talented yet unseasoned Lakers develop around James, or a more aggressive one that involves trading some of that talent for a proven star like Kawhi Leonard.Regardless of which path the Lakers take, they will be considerably improved if LeBron can stay healthy the way he always has.According to CARMELO, FiveThirtyEight’s NBA player projection system, the current club with James would be projected to win 52 games, with an 11 percent probability of winning it all next season.1This assumes the Lakers would be keeping Julius Randle, who is currently a restricted free agent — one Los Angeles can exceed the salary cap to keep if it wishes. The projected win total would jump considerably, to nearly 60 victories with a 22 percent probability of a title, if the Lakers were to land Leonard in exchange for Brandon Ingram, Kyle Kuzma, Luol Deng and a first-round pick or two. Such a deal would sting — Ingram has incredible potential, and Kuzma’s an impressive young scorer — and you can bet on the Lakers doing all they can to resist surrendering this sort of haul. Yet Leonard’s stature as a top-five talent when healthy is impossible to deny, and he would quicken any timeline for contention. (The late-Sunday-night addition of Lance Stephenson didn’t figure to help the team much, per our projections, which essentially label the ex-Pacer as a replacement-level player at this point.)The first scenario, in which LeBron plays with the homegrown Lakers, would be a pretty far cry from 2014, when he started his second stint with Cleveland by playing alongside two other established scorers in Kyrie Irving and Kevin Love and thrived in a wide-open offense that catered to James’s unique ability to drive and kick. The Lakers ranked near the bottom of the NBA in 3-point shooting and may need to scour the free-agent market for perimeter marksmen.And while Los Angeles boasts a much better defense than the Cavs had last year, the Lakers were similar to Cleveland in that they lacked a true rim-protecting presence on last season’s club. More than 30 percent of Lakers’ opponents shots came from within 3 feet of the basket, tied for the third-highest rate in the NBA last season, according to Basketball-Reference. (The Lakers also agreed to terms Sunday with JaVale McGee, who isn’t the most reliable on D. But he had his moments against James in the Finals and his wingspan helps him around the rim.)There would be at least one clear upside: After a year where James had to dominate the ball in Irving’s absence, he can now share that responsibility with second-year point guard Lonzo Ball. The two could connect quite frequently in transition, given that Ball is known for his uptempo style and long outlet passes, and James — looking to get a breather after some offensive possessions — will occasionally hang back and cherry-pick layups and dunks.Ball figures to be a part of the core going forward, even if the Lakers do push for Leonard. The Spurs — long seen as the league’s most straitlaced team — are rumored to lack interest in Ball, likely due to some of the off-court distractions that surround him. But having Leonard would carry obvious benefits. James — who hasn’t played on a roster without a prime-age All-Star-caliber teammate since the 2009-10 season2The 2015-16 season was the only one in that stretch where none of his teammates made the All-Star team, but Kyrie Irving only failed to make the roster because he was injured that year; his performance on his return was up to his usual standard. — wouldn’t have to shoulder nearly as much of the clutch-scoring burden. Perhaps more important: In a potential matchup with the Warriors, James wouldn’t necessarily have to defend Kevin Durant, as Leonard would be more than capable of handling that task.By no stretch of the imagination are the Lakers a force to be reckoned with yet. But after these last five years, the roughest dry spell in franchise history, this is a welcome shift. Depending on how aggressively Magic Johnson and the team’s front office handles the trade market, they could creep into Golden State’s rear-view mirror more quickly than many suspected. Nabbing LeBron James, even at damn-near 34 years old, will speed up just about any team’s process.— Neil Paine contributed to this story.CORRECTION (July 2, 2018, 12:25 p.m.): An earlier version of this story incorrectly stated that LeBron James had not been on a team without at least one other prime-age All-Star since the 2009-10 season. In 2015-16, he was the only All-Star for the Cleveland Cavaliers.
Paul Pogba should no longer be considered a young player and he must now step up and become a leader for France, says Hugo LlorisThe Manchester United midfielder has had difficult second season back at the club with Pogba’s relationship with Jose Mourinho having become strained after the Portuguese coach benched him towards the end of the season amid rumours of a falling out between the pair.The 25-year-old hasn’t fared much better on the international stage, but is still considered an important member of the France squad.But France captain Lloris believes that Pogba has been unfairly judged this season and has challenged the former Juventus star to become the leader their team need ahead of the World Cup.“Paul is no longer a young player,” said the 31-year-old, according to the Evening Standard.Opinion: Neymar will earn respect back from the PSG fans Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 After completing his incredible return to Parc des Princes, we predict that Neymar will earn the respect back from PSG supporters.The situation between Neymar…“He has collected experience with his club and with the national team.“He has a lot of talent and that label has stuck with him since the beginning. He has had a very good season, although people still debate it. As a football player and as a football fan, I think he had a very good season.“He has this desire to shine with the French national team. Will he be the ‘boss’? That’s a strong word but a ‘leader’ is what is expected of him on and off the field.“He is reaching maturity and he wants to do well. But it’s also important that he focuses on his individual performance. This is the best way, to lead by example.”Pogba scored six goals and added 12 assists in 37 games for United this season.